Automatic Fire Extinguish using Raspberry PI

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Automatic Fire Extinguish using Raspberry PI

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Description

ABSTRACT

The proposed fire extinguishing robot works in Automatic mode. The operation of robot is monitored and controlled by Raspberry Pi. A fire sensors are attached to the left, right and back of the robot, as the fire is sensed in the particular part it will automatically turn that side and will pump the water in the up and down motion the same way for the other sides also and for the front side if the fire is their it will automatically go back and pump the water. In automated mode, robot will detect the fire and move to the fire location and water will be pumped to extinguish the fire. Also IOT technology is used to control the robot from the web page and camera will be used to send the images of the particular location to the webpage to know the status of that area. It will be helped in order to reduce the human power and also make the work totally automatic.

INTRODUCTION

Fire accidents is defined as an undesirable event which emits heat, smoke or flame. Fire accident is a major form of accident and can cause a huge number of causalities because of the danger and risk involved in rescuing victims out of the fire. When firefighting units engage in such situations there is a high possibility to loss the life of fire personnel’s. In everyday life, it is not feasible to always rely on human patrol for detecting and extinguishing fire at a fire accident scene. If an automated system is made to patrol the perimeter for fire accidents, then we can have an early warning system. This will be very effective in a fire accident in industries and residential areas where the fire possibilities are high. In order to achieve this, we must come up with an idea which can detect a flame, locate it and extinguish the fire immediately before it poses a threat to anything around it. For risky situations, it would be idealistic to send a firefighting robot that could quickly and efficiently find the fire and suppress it. Effective monitoring, high speed recognition, and extinguishing of fire are problems to be dealt with immediately. To reduce the risk of losing life in such situations, firefighting robots can be used. The automatic robot is designed to avoid further spreading of the fire that could lead to possible human causalities or damage to property. Firefighting robot will help the fire fighters to do their job effectively.

EXISTING SYSTEM

Manually operated, to operate manually a Bluetooth module is used. System is connected to smart phones by using a Bluetooth module. The Bluetooth device can be configured to receive corresponding serial data for controlling the robot which is transmitted from the smart phone. The movement and pumping action of the robot can be controlled with the help of the configured smart phone.

PROPOSED METHOD

Automated mode, the robot is completely automated to search for the presence of possible flames and obstacles in the vicinity. The robot moves around and search for the signs of flame. The robot will search for flames using the three flame sensors placed in front of the robot.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

automatic_fire_extinguish_robot_using_rpi1

MONITORING SECTION

automatic_fire_extinguish_robot_using_rpi2

BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION

  • In this project fire sensors are used to detect the fire.
  • Ultrasonic sensor to know the distance of the place where the fire incidence has occurred.
  • Connect USB Camera to the raspberry pi to know the status of the area.
  • Robot for automation mode and control mode.
  • Connect power supply for Raspberry pi
  • Plug the HDMI cable in Raspberry pi from the monitor using VGA to HDMI converter cable
  • Connect USB Mouse and USB keyboard to the Raspberry pi

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

  • Raspberry Pi
  • Flame Detector
  • Ultra-Sonic Sensor.
  • Water flow sensor.
  • USB Camera
  • SD card
  • Monitor

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

  • Raspbian Jessie
  • HTML and PHP
  • Language – Linux
  • Python.

CONCLUSION

The Webcam Robot Can Be Used In Place Of Human Reducing The Risk Of Life Of Fire Fighters. We can use them in Our Homes, Labs , Offices, Industries, They Provide Use Greater Effiency  to Detect the Flame and it can be Extinguish before it become Uncontrollable and Treat to Life .hence This Robot can Play a Crucial Rule

REFERENCES                                                                

[1] Undug, J., Arabiran, M.P., Frades, J.R. Mazo, J., Teogangco, M., “Fire Locator, Detector and Extinguisher Robot with SMS Capability”, 8th IEEE International Conference Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management (HNICEM),

[2] Tawfiquer Rakib, M.A. Rashid Sarkar, “Design and Fabrication of Autonomous Fire Extinguisher Robot with Multisensor Fire Detection Using PID Controller”, 5th International Conference on Informatics, Electronics and Vision (ICIEV),

[3]  Sanober Farheen, Imtiaz H. Kalwar, Ian Grout, Elfred Lewis, Yasmeen Naz Panhwar, “Prototype for Localization of Multiple Fire Detecting Mobile Robots in a Dynamic Environment”, International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom),

Additional information

Weight 1.000000 kg

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