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Buzzer Interface with Spartan3an FPGA Starter Kit


Piezo buzzer is an electric component that comes in different shapes and sizes, which can be used to create sound waves when provided with electrical signal. piezo buzzer requires a square wave to produce a tone.

Interfacing Piezo buzzer with Spartan3an FPGA Starter Kit

The Spartan3an FPGA Starter Kit has Piezo buzzer, indicated as in Figure. Buzzer is driven by transistor Q1. FPGA can create sound by generating a PWM(Pulse Width Modulated) signal – a square wave signal, which is nothing more than a sequence of logic zeros and ones. Frequency of the square signal determines the pitch of the generated sound. To enable buzzer, place jumper JP at E label mark position and to disable buzzer place jumper JP at D Position.

Schematics to Interface Buzzer with Spartan3an FPGA



Buzzer Placement in Spartan3AN FPGA Project kit

VHDL Code Description:

The following VHDL Code demonstrates the functionality of piezo buzzer. PWM pulse is applied with 2s duty cycle. Buzzer produce beeps sound every 1 sec.

VHDL Code for Buzzer Interface with Spartan3an FPGA Starter Kit

library IEEE;




entity buzz is

port ( clock : in std_logic;

buzzer : out std_logic


end buzz;

architecture Behavioral of buzz is



variable i : integer := 0;


if clock'event and clock = '1' then

if i <= 50000000 then

i := i + 1;

buzzer <= '1';

elsif i > 50000000 and i < 100000000 then

i := i + 1;

buzzer <= '0';

elsif i = 100000000 then

i := 0;

end if;

end if;

end process;

end Behavioral;