Brain Actuated Applications for Paralyzed people

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Brain actuated applications for Paralyzed people
Quick Overview
Inspired by the Technology used by Great scientist Stephen Hawking, which made that completely Paralyzed man to do every basic thing. Here, BCI will make every paralyzed people to do their every basic needs like they can control their Wheel chair, they can control Home appliance and can ask for basic help like Food, water, Restrooms etc. and also can able to write heir feelings in virtual keyboard using their eyeblinks which extracted from Brain waves.

Features: | 4 in 1 application

Brain controlled wheel car | Brain controlled Home automation | Brain controlled Keyboard | Brain controlled emergency command request

Shipping: 4 to 8 working days from the date of purchase

Package Includes:

  • Complete Hardware Kit

  • Demo Video-Embedded Below

  • Abstract

  • Reference Paper

  • PPT (20 Slides)

  • !!! Online Support !!!

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Abstract

The objective of this project is to develop an intelligent low cost brain and eye controlled wheel chair with communication interface system,The Technology which is inspired from the technology which is used by Great scientist Stephen Hawking. Though he is completely paralyzed he can able to move his wheelchair by himself, he can able to type the letters. This technology is also made as that kind of facilities for paralyzed people with low cost. so that user can communicate by using eye blink detected from brain waves and same can be used control the wheel chair. To achieve maximum reliability and minimum cost, wireless connectivity is to be used as far as possible. Our  model helps them to do all their basic needs from their wheelchair itself.

All applications are integrated in the wheelchair, application such as,

    • They can drive their wheelchair by themselves using either meditation/attention or eye blink.
    • Keypad for communication.
    • Emergency commands for requesting their basic need such as food, water, restroom etc.   
    • Home automation for operating appliances.

Block diagram

 Block diagram of Brain actuated applications for Paralyzed people


Block diagram description

 The above Block diagram explain you about the Brain actuated applciations for paralyzed people, That first we are extracting Brain waves from our brain, using Neurosky mindwave mobile/Brain sense. Then Brain waves gets processed using Matlab to analyze the brain waves and to extract the Blink waves. After Blink wave is classified it will send command to HC-05 for Hardware applications and for Software applications it is directly passed to matlab onscreen applications to controll applications. Then from HC-05 it is passed to the Microcontroller that is Arduino for Hardware applications such as Robotic car and Home automation.


Demo video


Project description

Brain actuated applications

1.Wheel chair control

  • They can be able to drive their wheel chair by their eye blink. So they need not any care taker to drive them, they can drive themselves.
  • After selecting the Wheel chair application from Main control panel, wheel chair starts moving, then direction is chosen by eye blink.
  • By observing the location of the “Blink to choose” image, direction can be chosen by having eye blink at certain direction.
  • Wheel chair can be stopped by having large high intensity eye blink. So that wheelchair get stopped and display goes for “Main control panel”.

wheelchair

  • Wheelcahir prototype is shown below

wheelchair_prototype


2.Blink talk using onscreen keypad

  • Laptop is placed in wheelchair which has the keypad uses for communication by having Alphabetical keys, Space bar, Speak key and Delete key.The neurosky mindwave mobile measures intentionally directed EMG activity (blink strength), which in turn-become numeric values that ultimately manifest as communication from the user.
  • Onscreen keyboard keys highlights are occurring repeatedly as loop, when it is supposed to detect the blink, the text gets selected ( Observe the sound occurred while blinking, to indicate that key is selected).
  • First column of onscreen keyboard consists of numbers (1,2,3,4) which resembles row selection.
  • Each and every key is selected by eye blink and gets printed in textbox on top of blink talk window.
  • To close this application, we must do high  intensity eye blink, It redirects to Main control panel
  • In a upcoming model, it also  reprogrammed to have the dictionary  suggestion for each word that we typed.
  • Once messages got typed in text box and by selecting speak key, messages present in text box is spoke out via speaker.

Blink_talk


3.Emergency commands

This application is mainly used for uneducated  people and also used for requesting for emergency basic needs in their day-to-day  life. Emergency commands such as

          • Food
          • Water
          • Wash room
          • Entertainment
          • Bath
          • Not feeling good
          • Medicine
          • Outdoor
  • Current need for the selection is identified by the position of “Blink to switch” image location. 
  • The commands that we select is Spoke out as a voice command via laptop speaker.
  • As like as other application, to close the current application, high intensity blink should be made.

Commands which spoke out for every need can be reconfigurable

Emergency command for Paralyzed people


4.Home automation system

  •  Paralyzed  people can able to control the home appliances  such as Light, Fan, TV by using this application, from the  wheel chair itself  by using eye blink.
  • By observing the current state of “Blink to switch image” in Home automation control panel, then each application  can be selected using eye blink at certain appliance.

Home automation

  •  It is also possible add some other applications, This is  achieved by using relay for application switching by having  input command from Arduino.
  •  It is visualised in laptop, by blinking at certain appliance  that can be switched ON/OFF.

 Blinkwave Extraction from Raw EEG Brain waves

  • After extracting Raw EEG waves from the brain, signal processing takes place in Matlab to identify the Blink waves
  • Normally Blink wave is in the form of sinusoidal wave form, among EEG waves.
  • It is identified by measuring its amplitude on both onset and offset.
  • Amplitude of the Blink wave is varied based on the blink strength (ex: By having strong eye blink, Blink waves has high amplitude)
  • Normal eye blink is differentiated from voluntary eye blink by using its intensity of blink.
  • Voluntary eye blink is used for all applications, and to close certain application either High intensity blink or abnormal distraction  is used.

Blink extraction from EEG signal


System Implementation

  • Place AAA Batteries and switch on the Mindwave Mobile/ Brainsense.
  • Observe Blue led blinking at Device
  • Connect the Mind wave Mobile with laptop or Pc via Bluetooth                (Default pairing key : 0000)
  • Similarly connect HC-05 Module with the laptop at the same time.
  • Before Running the program it is essential to change the com port number in the program.
  • After connecting the Mindwave mobile/Brainsense to the laptop go for Bluetooth Settings -> more Bluetooth option ->  COM port tab and observe the com port number which is “OUTGOING”.
  • Com port selection is shown in Figure below
  • Enter the Outgoing COM port number in the Matlab program, to receive packets through that comport

 com port identification

This COM Port has to be entered in the Matlab program as shown in Figure below (Here, COM number we have to choose is COM10)

In below figure change com port number 5 to 10.

COM port config in matlab

In this system there are two hardware application, Wheelchair as Robotic car and Home automation system

Steps to configure hardware application 

  • Place the Arduino and Bluetooth module in the Robotic car
  • Connect the respective pins to the relay for Home automation (Pin 2, 8 and 12) from arduino
  • Connect the 9 v supply to arduino
  • Connect Bluetooth module (HC-05) to the computer (Default pairing key : 1234)

Steps to be followed to work in the model

  • Program the Arduino and Setup the hardware
  • Connect Mindwave mobile and Bluetooth module to the laptop via Bluetooth
  • Open Matlab and configure the COM port explained above
  • Run the Matlab code at that time 
  • Main control panel wizard opens as shownbelow
  • Observe the location of “BLINK TO SWITCH” image, and Make a Blink at appropriate location to choose an application

Main control panel image

  • Blink is identified by having “Blink detected” message at status bar and Beep once sound.
  • Application wizard opens when it gets chosen

Emergency command for Paralyzed people

  • To switch from one application to another, Make a high intensity blink
  • After high intensity blink is made, again Main control panel wizard opens.
  • Below figure shows abnormal eye blink

Abnormal eye blink

  • Then application has been chosen again as before.
  • In every application the status bar shows wheather blink is detected or not.
  • “BLINK TO SWITCH” image moves linearly in every application, only blink should be made to choose certain application or command.
  • Red grid in below Figure shows Blink wave in Home automation application panel among RAW EEG wave.

Blink wave in application

Likewise every application can be controlled using our Brain waves.


Hardware required

    • Brain sense / Neurosky mindwave mobile
    • Arduino 
    • HC-05 (Bluetooth Module)
    • Robotic car setup
    • Home Automation Kit

Software required

    • Matlab (32-bit)

Project kit includes

    • Brain Sense
    • Arduino
    • Robot | Home Automation Kit
    • Bluetooth Module
    • Source Code – Matlab | Arduino

Advantages

    • Paralyzed people can control every applications using their Brain from the place they are in.
    • Main thing, that paralyzed people can switch over from one application to another application themselves by making High converged eye blink
    • Complete standalone Mark1-prototype of Paralyzed people wheelchair inspired by Stephen Hawking's Wheelchair

Conclusion

    • The Brain Computer Interface uses brain signal for all application, since Neurosky mindwavemobile/Brain sense  uses  AAA- battery and electrode is just placed  in the scalp, it doesn’t make any harm to the brain.
    • It can be pre-configured for every user to increase the accuracy of blink classification to use the  application.
    • It makes every paralyzed people to be independent in some applications
    • It also makes them to express their feelings and sufferings.

 

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