BLDC Motor Control using Spartan 6 FPGA Processor

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BLDC Motor Control using Spartan 6 FPGA Processor
Quick Overview

This project is mainly used to control the speed of the BLDC motor by varying the duty cycle of the inverter. Speed of the motor is depends on the dutycycle of the inverter.

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Abstract

          This project is mainly used to control the speed of the BLDC motor by varying the duty cycle of the inverter. The BLDC motor has high reliability, high efficiency high torque/inertia ratio, improved cooling, low radio frequency interference, and noise and requires practically no maintenance. The BLDC motor speed is depends on the frequency of the three phase inverter circuit.

 

Demo Video

Introduction

          The DC voltage is applied to three phase inverter circuit. The BLDC motor can be used industries and pumping control. Three phase inverter converts the dc voltage into three phase ac voltage. That three phase ac voltage is used to drive the BLDC motor. And BLDC motor hall sensor feedback is connected to Spartan 6 FPGA processor input. The Spartan 6 FPGA processor is generating the PWM pulses with depends on the hall sensor feedback.

 

Proposed System

          This project is proposed to control the speed of BLDC motor. The AC supply is applied to the bridge rectifier, the bridge rectifier converts ac supply into dc supply. That dc supply is applied to three phase inverter; it converts the dc voltage into three phase ac voltage. Three phase ac voltage is connected to the BLDC motor. The BLDC motor have hall sensor. The hall sensor output is feedback to the controller. The three phase inverter Pulse depends on the hall sensor of BLDC motor. The DSPIC controller key functions are used to control the BLDC motor speed.

 

Block Diagram

 

 

Block Diagram Explanation

  • Pulse generator: - Here we have used Spartan 6 FPGA Processor to generate PWM signal.
  • Driver circuit: -It is used to amplify the pulses and provided isolations using opto coupler. It has two functions,
    • Amplification
    • Isolation
  • Bridge Rectifier: It converts AC supply to DC Supply.
  • Three phase Inverter: It converts DC supply into three phase AC Supply to drive the BLDC motor.

Driver Board                                      

Spartan 6 FPGA Processor Board

Working

          The Spartan 6 FPGA Processor is used to generate the PWM pulses for inverter circuit. TheSpartan 6 FPGA Processor pulses are given to the driver circuit as input. Driver board is mainly used to isolate and amplify the input signals from the controller. The amplified driver output is connected to the main power circuit devices. Three phase inverter PWM is generated based on Hall sensor feedback.

Circuit Diagram for Three Phase Inverter

 

Advantages

  • Easy to control speed
  • Highly reliable
  • High efficiency and less maintenance
  • Less noise

Applications

  • Industrial applications
  • Water pumping system

Conclusion

          This project is used to control the speed of the BLDC motor. This inverter has low switching losses and BLDC motor control without any additional control. And also study the response of the all characteristics and theory. This project is highly reliable and obtains high efficiency of this control technique.

BLDC Motor Working Pattern

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